EXCHANGE Volume 02, No. 1, 2024, pp. 68-75

Weiyu LI

The Advantages and Lessons to be Learned from the Development of New Energy Vehicles in European Countries in the Context of Carbon Neutrality and Carbon NeutralityTaking Norway and Sweden as an Example

Abstract: A stable climate is the environmental basis for the progress of modern civilization and the development of agriculture. From the perspective of sustainable economic and social development, “carbon neutrality” means that people’s way of production and life will further move from rough to fine; economic development will fundamentally change the mode of high-carbon development towards “low carbon and green”, and will be transformed from resource-driven to science and technology-driven, and society will further shift towards resource-driven and science and technology-driven. The future direction of global automobile development is new energy, which has become the consensus of countries and enterprises all over the world. There are four major types of new energy vehicles: hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), pure electric vehicles (EV/BEV, including solar vehicles), fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV), and other new energy vehicles. This paper adopts a case study approach to analyze the development market of new energy vehicles and the factors affecting the application of new energy vehicles in the context of carbon neutrality. There are three parts to this paper, in addition to the abstract and references. The first part introduces in detail what carbon neutrality is, the generation and classification of new energy vehicles; the second part focuses on the commitments given by various countries in fulfilling their carbon neutrality obligations, as well as the application market of new energy vehicles in various countries; the third part focuses on the European market, taking Norway and Sweden as examples, and comparatively analyzes the similarities and differences between the two countries in the field of new energy vehicles. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the different practices of Norway and Sweden in the application of new energy vehicles, summarize the common points, compare the differences, and thus trigger a reference to think about.

Keywords: Carbon neutrality; new energy vehicle; high-carbon development; application market.